The route of oil trains that transport volatile Bakken crude along the Hudson River is often described as running “adjacent” or “past” the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. In fact, it runs under the military campus through a tunnel above which sits: Thayer Hall, the main academic building of more than 100 classrooms, Taylor Hall, which holds the offices of the Superintendent and Dean, Bartlett Hall, which houses the department of nuclear engineering, Johnson Baseball Stadium and the Officers’ Club.
Worry about a catastrophic oil train accident has increased along the Hudson in the wake of two oil train derailments and fires in West Virginia and Illinois over the last four weeks.
On February 16, West Virginia, Governor Earl Ray Tomblin declared a state of emergency after a derailment and explosion caused the evacuation of up to 300 people and the closing of the public water supply. On March 5, 21 of 103 railcars carrying Bakken crude derailed, causing some to burst into flames alongside the Upper Mississipi River outside Galena Illinois. According to the Associated Press, there have been at least 22 major oil rail accidents since 2006. (See EarthDesk, March 6 and February 20).
According to the environmental organization Riverkeeper:
With very little public awareness and no study of environmental impacts, the oil industry has made the Hudson Valley into one arm of a dangerous “virtual pipeline” for crude oil that snakes thousands of miles by rail, barge and ship from oil fields in North Dakota, Canada and elsewhere, to refineries on both coasts.
The New York State segment of this “virtual pipeline” primarily moves a particularly volatile crude oil by rail from the Bakken shale formation of North Dakota and nearby states and provinces, where oil production has doubled in three years, to the Port of Albany. There, billions of gallons of crude oil can be offloaded onto barges and ships destined for East Coast refineries. Additional trains loaded with crude oil destined for refineries to the south continue along the west side of the Hudson River, through communities in Greene, Ulster, Orange and Rockland counties.
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